Anticancer. Anti-inflammatory. Liver health. One of the cruciferous vegetables… Studies have shown that a diet that includes routine consumption of cauliflower can offer protection against several cancers, including breast, colon, prostate, and ovarian cancer. In addition, cauliflower is rich in sulfur, which plays a role in some of the liver’s detoxification pathways. It is also rich in both vitamin K and glucosinolates, which may protect against over-reaction of the immune system.